J. F. NEWMAN, author site.

"I therefore rest satisfied, and thank God that my lot is to be an American farmer" –J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, Letters from an American Farmer (1782).

Masonic staff

Likely Goshen, Indiana, circa 1850. 32″ x 14″. Painted black staff, head and goat horns in radiator gold. A charming work of Americana, evocative of, if not actually used in, the famed “riding the goat” ceremony.